Gulf Ecological Management Site (GEMS)thumb_gems-map

The GEMS (Gulf Ecological Management Site) is part of a program developed in coordination with the EPA and the Gulf of Mexico Program. The program was established to acquire information about coastal wetland sites and make them accessible to the public through the Internet. These same sites are also Mississippi's Coastal Preserves.

The Mississippi Department of Marine Resources Management Team for the Mississippi GEMS Program:

Site Manager: Jeff Clark
Coordinator: Rhonda Price

Funding available! Visit the Gulf of Mexico Foundation website for more information on Requests for Proposals for NOAA Gulf of Mexico Community-based Habitat Restoration Program

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Wolf River Preserve

  1. Wolf River PreserveSite Information Point(s) of Contact: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources, Coastal Preserves Program
  2. Geographic Information
    1. Narrative Description of the Site: The primary boundary of this 2,426-acre preserve contains the non-forested marsh along the Wolf River from Grassy Point to where the marsh ends in Section 37. The mid-section of the Wolf River contains expansive tidal freshwater marsh, dominated by sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense). A mixed zone of arrow arum (Peltandra virginica), pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), possibly arrow arum (Peltandra sagittifolia), and spike rush (Eleocharis cellulosa). Groundsel bush (Baccharis angustifolia) is common in both the sawgrass (Cladium) areas and the mixed zones. The oligohaline extent of the lower Wolf River, DeLisle Bayou, and Bayou Portage is dominated by needle rush (Juncus roemerianus) with a mixture of duck potato (Sagittaria lancifolia) and big cordgrass (Spartina cynosuroides). A narrow (1-2 m) fringe of smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) occurs along the edges of the creeks. The marshes in this area are similar to those along the edge of St. Louis Bay, including those along the northeast and northwest shore and the lower reaches of the Jourdan River. This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of migratory bird species, such as the Brown Pelican, White Pelican, Osprey, and cormorants. The Wolf River is used privately by landowners, boaters, and anglers that come into the area on occasional and seasonal basis for fishing and waterfowl hunting. Lands within this Coastal Preserve are either privately, locally, state or federally owned and intergovernmental and private cooperation is essential to manage the unique ecosystem surrounding the Wolf River Marsh. However, much of this property is considered tidal wetlands and is already owned by the state. Development of the surrounding lands causes a threat to the marsh.
    2. Date Site Established: March, 1998
    3. Location: Harrison County
    4. Area of Influence: Pine/oak uplands and coastal plain.
  3. Ecological/Cultural Characteristics
    1. Habitat type: This is a large extent of estuarine marsh that is expected or known to include the following estuarine communities: estuarine subtidal, 1) large tidal creek 2) muddy sand embayment; and estuarine intertidal, 1) mesohaline marsh 2) oligohaline marsh.
    2. Rare/Endangered Species:
      1. Anas fulvigula Mottled Duck
      2. Pansion haliaetus Osprey
      3. Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail
      4. Laterallus jamaicensis Black Rail
      5. Notropis petersoni Coastal Shiner
      6. Malaclemys terrapin pilea Diamondback Terrapin
      7. Alligator mississippiensis American Alligator
      8. Nerodia clarkii clarkii Gulf Salt Marsh Snake
      9. Juniperus silicicola Southern Red Cedar
    3. Migratory Species: This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of migratory bird species, such as the Brown Pelican, White Pelican, Osprey, and cormorants.
    4. Current and Potential Use of Site
      1. Recreational Use: Recreational Use: Boaters and anglers use the area on occasional and seasonal basis for fishing and waterfowl hunting (sparingly).
      2. Private Use: The Wolf River is used privately by landowners and sparingly by waterfowl hunters.
    5. Management Status
      1. Land Ownership: Lands within this Coastal Preserve are either privately, locally, state or federally owned. Much of the property is considered tidal wetlands and is already owned by the state
      2. Existing Designations: Mississippi Coastal Preserve
      3. Management Status: The Coastal Preserves Program of the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources is currently developing the Wolf River Marsh management plan.
      4. Existing Monitoring Activities: Monitored by the Department of Marine Resources Coastal Preserves Program.
      5. Acquisition Potential: Currently active
      6. Management Needs: Intergovernmental and private cooperation is essential to manage the unique ecosystem surrounding the Wolf River Marsh.
    6. Site Viability
      1. Threats to Ecological Integrity: Residences with open septic systems.
    7. Comments and/or Additional Information on Bayou Portage Preserve: email the Coastal Preserves Manager.

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Ship Island Preserve

  1. Ship IslandSite Information Point(s) of Contact: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources, Coastal Preserves Program
  2. Geographic Information
    1. Site Name: Gulf Coast Refuge Complex - Mississippi Sandhill Crane NWR
    2. Narrative Description of the Site: The primary boundary of this 2,051-acre preserve is one mile North and South of the island and is bounded on the East and West by the Alabama state line the the Gulfport Mississippi shipping channel. The boundary also includes the flats around and between the islands. This barrier island is currently in 3 parts; connected by narrow tidal sandbars. The island is 8 miles in length and the terrain is low and sandy except at the east end. Because of the Ship Island Ferryboat that runs twice a day during the summer months, locals and tourists use West Ship Island for recreation. There are restroom facilities, a snack bar, a ranger station, and a Civil War fort (Fort Massachusetts) located on the island. East Ship Island, however, is not heavily used by tourists.. This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of migratory bird species, such as the Brown Pelican, White Pelican, and Cormorants. This area is also known to be rookery for the Black Skimmer. The island is part of the Gulf Island National Seashore owned and managed by the National Park Service.
    3. Date Site Established: March, 1998
    4. Location: Harrison County, N30 12'33" W088 57'56"
    5. Area of Influence: Barrier island
  3. Ecological/Cultural Characteristics
    1. Rare/Endangered Species:
      1. Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
      2. P. occidentalis Brown Pelican
      3. Panion haliaetus Osprey
      4. Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier
      5. Falco sparverius American Kestrel
      6. Charadrius alexandrinus Snowy Plover
      7. C. melodus Piping Plover
      8. S. maxima Royal Tern
      9. S. antillerum Least Tern
      10. Alligator mississippiensis American Alligator
      11. Nerodia clarkii clarkii Gulf Salt Marsh Snake
      12. Trichechus manatus Manatee
      13. Paronychia erecta Gulf Rockrose
      14. Helianthemum arenicola Gulf Rockrose
      15. Ipomoea pes-caprae Railroad Vine
      16. Quercus myrtifolia Myrtle-Leaf Oak
      17. Avicennia nitida Black Mangrove
      18. Paspalum monostachyum Gulfdune Paspalum
      19. Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle
    2. Breeding/Nursery Area:
      1. Black Skimmer Rookery
      2. Atlantic Loggerhead Turtle Nesting
    3. Migratory Species: This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of neotropical migrants and wintering waterfowl species, such as the Brown Pelican, White Pelican, and Cormorants.
    4. Uniqueness of Natural Community
      1. Archaeological Features: Civil War Fort (Fort Massachusetts)
  4. Current and Potential Use of Site
    1. Recreational Use: During the summer months, locals and tourists use West Ship Island for recreation (swimming, site seeing, and fishing). There are restroom facilities, a snack bar, and a ranger station.
  5. Management Status
    1. Land Ownership: The island is part of the Gulf Island National Seashore owned and managed by the National Park Service.
    2. Existing Designations: Mississippi Coastal Preserve
    3. Management Status: This preserve is managed by the Gulf Island National Seashore.
    4. Existing Monitoring Activities: This preserve is monitored by the Gulf Island National Seashore.
  6. Sources of Information: Boyd, J. L., et. al., 1995. An inventory of pond fauna of the Gulf Islands National Seashore with parasitological and trophic observations. Unpublished Report to the National Park Service.
  7. Comments and/or Additional Information on the Ship Island Preserve:
    Superintendent
    Gulf Islands National Seashore
    3500 Park Road
    Ocean Springs, MS 39564

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Round Island Preserve

  1. Round IslandSite Information Point(s) of Contact: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources, Coastal Preserves Program
  2. Geographic Information
    1. Narrative Description of the Site: The primary boundary of this small 65-acre preserve is the shoreline of the island. Most of the island is covered in slash pine forest with a marshy interior. Six pair of Osprey nest on the island and 30 or more pair of Great Blue Herons have nested here in recent years.
    2. Date When Information Last Updated: March, 1998
    3. Location: Jackson County
    4. Area of Influence: Barrier island
  3. Ecological/Cultural Characteristics
    1. Habitat type: The following communities are expected or known to occur: estuarine subtidal 1) Mississippi Sound – sand bottom (near shore); estuarine intertidal 1) sand shore.
    2. Rare/Endangered Species:
      1. Panion haliaetus Osprey
      2. Alligator mississippiensis American Alligator
      3. Ruellia noctiflora Night-Flowering Ruellia
    3. Breeding/Nursery Area: Great Blue Heron Rookery
    4. Migratory Species: This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of migratory bird species, such as the Brown Pelican, White Pelican, and cormorants.
  4. Educational and Economic Value
    1. Recreational Use: Boaters and anglers use the area on occasional and seasonal basis for waterfowl hunting (sparingly) and fishing.
  5. Management Status
    1. Land Ownership: Lands within this Coastal Preserve are either privately, locally, state or federally owned
    2. Existing Designations: Mississippi Coastal Preserve
    3. Management Status: Managed by the Department of Marine Resources Coastal Preserves Program.
    4. Existing Monitoring Activities: Monitored by the Department of Marine Resources Coastal Preserves Program.
    5. Acquisition Potential: Active
    6. Management Needs: The State will manage the area as a coastal preserve. The DMR will have direct responsibility
  6. Comments and/or Additional Information on Bayou La Croix Preserve: email the Coastal Preserves Manager.

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Sandhill Crane Refuge Preserve

  1. Petit Bois IslandSite Information Point(s) of Contact: Refuge Manager: Alan Schriver
    7200 Crane Lane
    Gautier, MS 39553
    Phone: (228) 497-6322
    Fax: (228) 497-5407
    Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  2. Geographic Information
    1. Site Name: Gulf Coast Refuge Complex - Mississippi Sandhill Crane NWR
    2. Narrative Description of the Site: The Mississippi Sandhill Crane Refuge, located in the southeastern portion of Jackson County, was established under the authority of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) for the protection and recovery of the endangered Mississippi Sandhill Crane. This sub-species, now estimated to be about 120 birds, had dropped to extremely low numbers (about 20) in the early 70's. The significant loss (98%) of wet savanna, the cranes preferred habitat, resulted primarily because of silvicultural practices, residential and commercial development and fire suppression. This habitat loss was the major reason for the cranes' endangerment.
    3. Date Site Established: This refuge was established in 1975
    4. Date When Information Last Updated: N/A
    5. Location: Jackson County, Mississippi latitude/longitude of centroid of site (88.74, 30.44)
      1. Relative Size: The refuge is approximately 20,000 acres consisting of three management units 1) Ocean Springs Unit (9,000 acres), 2) Gautier Unit (9,000 acres) and 3) Fontainebleau Unit (2,000 acres).
    6. Area of Influence:
      1. West - Cities of Ocean Springs, St. Martin and Latimer
      2. East - Pascagoula River, City of Gautier & the Hickory Hills Community
      3. South - Highway 90- Old Spanish Trail Highway- Sub-Divisions- Gulf of Mexico
      4. North - City of Vancleave, Rural Farms and Home Sites
  3. Ecological/Cultural Characteristics
    1. Habitat Types: Wet pine savannas, forested wetlands, pine scrub/shrub, and coastal marshes are the main habitat types on the refuge.
      Wet Pine Savannas: The original pre-settlement vegetation within the area of the refuge mostly consisted of pine savannas. The high natural fire frequency kept these grassland areas open, with vegetation such as wiregrass providing much of the fuel. Fire suppression allowed pines and shrubs to invade and out compete the native savanna plants. In the 1960s and 1970s, much of the remaining open savanna was converted to pine plantation by planting and ditching, the latter disrupted the natural water regime. Only about 2% of the original acreage of this habitat remains in the Atlantic/Gulf Coastal Plain making it one of the most endangered ecosystems in the nation. The refuge savannas are considered the last remaining large tracts. The savannas contain numerous species of grasses, sedges, and herbaceous wildflowers, interspersed with longleaf and slash pine. The plant species diversity is large, in fact, one of the highest in North America.
      Forested Wetlands: Forested wetlands on the refuge include swamps, bay-gum drains and pine flat-woods. Swamps are permanently flooded forested wetlands often found within the low lying wet savannas. Swamps are dominated with trees (cypress and tupelo) that can survive permanent flooding regimes. Major swamps on the refuge include Perigal Swamp, Turcotte Drain and Ben Williams Swamp. They are characterized by trees in the mid-story and over-story with a shrub layer and sparse herbaceous ground layer. Bay-Gum drainages are forested wetlands that consist of trees such bay, gum, and maple. These habitats support both shrub and herbaceous vegetation. Unlike swamps these forested wetlands are intermittently flooded. Flatwoods are located in areas where the water table is high enough to support trees such as pine, bay, maple and small cypress. Flatwoods were likely at one time savanna that has succeeded into forested habitat.
      Pine Scrub/Shrub: Pine scrub/shrub habitats are basically former pine savannas that have succeeded into shrubs with herbaceous ground cover. This succession is mainly attributed to the effects of long-term fire suppression. Very few of the native wild flowers and sedges remain since they have virtually been choked out by woody vegetation that was formerly kept at bay by wildfires.
      Coastal Marsh: Many of the Mississippi Sandhill Crane refuges coastal marshes (fresh and brackish) occur near and along riverine systems that flow through and adjacent to the refuge. These include West Pascagoula River, Bluff Creek, Page Bayou, Bayou Castelle, Perigal Bayou, Davis Bayou, and Old Fort Bayou. They consist of saw grass with other aquatic herbaceous species intermixed along the edges. On portions of the most southern Fontainebleau Unit, where the water salinity is higher, saw grass is replaced with salt meadow cordgrass and black needle rush.
    2. Rare/Endangered Species: Most of the 20,000 acres of the refuge is federally designated critical habitat for the Endangered Mississippi Sandhill Cranes. Other endangered or threatened species that may inhabit or visit the refuge include 1) Brown Pelican, 2) Peregrine Falcon, 3) Bald Eagle, 4) Bachmans Warbler and 5) Gopher Tortoise.
    3. Breeding/Nursery Area: In addition to the cranes, the refuge provides nesting habitat for many species of song birds, ospreys, raptors and game birds such as turkey, quail and dove. Many species of mammals also inhabit the refuge and include deer, rabbit, fox, bobcat, squirrel, and raccoon. Fishes such as largemouth bass, bluegill and catfish inhabit the fresh water bayous that flow through and along the refuge. These riverine systems provide excellent feeding and nesting habitat for many species of fishes. Some reaches of bayous, close to the gulf and during low flow periods, have waters that become brackish enough support species such as speckled trout, red drum, shrimp and blue crab. These areas where fresh and salt water mix are estuarine systems and represent one of these most productive wetland and open water habitats for fish and wildlife resources.
    4. Forage Area: The savannas, crop units and marshes on and near the refuge provide excellent forging habitat for many species of birds and mammals. Pine and pine/hardwood habitats with shrub and herbaceous understory provide seeds, berries, soft and hard mast that is consumed by many species of wildlife.
    5. Migratory Species: The Mississippi Sandhill Crane Refuge provides feeding, wintering habitat for many migratory birds including song birds, raptors and waterfowl. Savannah, scrub/shrub and forested habitats offer ideal food, cover and nesting sites for migratory species. Coastal habitats also provide important staging and feeding areas for neo-tropical migrants prior to fall migrations across the Gulf of Mexico and are the first areas these birds utilize on their return trip northward during the early spring.
    6. Ecosystem Function: In addition to their food, cover and nesting habitat values, the savannas, forested wetlands and marshes also provide other valuable functions. These include water purification, water table re-charge, flood storage/retention and storm surge protection. Vegetation along and near streams have the ability to assimilate pollutants from storm waters that may other wise enter the streams, bayous and estuaries. Wetlands also help to re-charge water tables. In addition floodplains serve valuable flood storage functions in that they contain and gradually release flood waters that may otherwise be speeding downstream and eventually piling up in low lying populated areas. Coastal wetlands are also known for their value in absorbing the shock of high wave actions and storm surges that occur during tropical storms and hurricanes.
    7. Uniqueness of Natural Community: The savannas consist of numerous species of grasses, sedges, herbaceous wildflowers and a few pine trees. The plant species diversity of savannas is large, in fact, one of the highest in North America. Of special interest are the orchids and carnivorous plants. Wet pine savanna soils are acidic in nature and have very low nutrient capacity. As such, the plants that grow in wet pine savannas are adapted for moist, high acid, low nutrient conditions. Some plants of the savannas make up the lack of nutrients in the soil by capturing, killing, and digesting animals -- mostly insects. These are called carnivorous plants. The refuge is the home of 10 species of carnivorous plants that fall into four main groups: sundews, butterworts, pitcher plants, and bladderworts.
    8. Archaeological and Cultural Significance: There are no identified cultural resource sites on the refuge.
  4. Current and Potential Use of Site
    1. Existing or Potential Educational Use: The refuge provides excellent educational opportunities. Frequently school groups, from elementary to college levels, visit the refuge. One of the nature trails abuts the Ocean Springs Middle School. This offers an excellent opportunity for the refuge to interact with this and other school systems within the coastal area. In addition, refuge staff are often asked by schools, clubs, groups, festivals etc. to speak about the refuge, wildlife resources and environmental issues. Science teachers take environmental refresher courses taught at the refuge by a local university extension service. Video, exhibits, nature trail and savanna at the visitor center offer a wealth of outdoor classroom opportunities.
    2. Recreational Use: The refuge offers the visiting public a 3/4 mile nature trail for hiking and birding. There is also have a diorama, exhibit and video about refuge operations. During January and February, refuge biologist offer the public an opportunity to view the cranes from select observation blinds. Visitors are provided with maps of areas near the refuge where they may drive to that are frequented by the cranes.
  5. Management Status
    1. Land Ownership: The Mississippi Sandhill Crane Refuge is owned by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service.
    2. Existing Designations: The refuge is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
    3. Management Status: This refuge was established for the protection and recovery of the endangered Mississippi Sandhill Cranes. Restoration of wet savanna, which is the cranes primary habitat, is a major component of the recovery plan. Only 2 % of the original savannas now remain. We maintain and restore the savannas primarily with (fire) control burns. This unique habitat was severely reduced as a result of fire suppression. In addition to fire management, we also farm 60 acres of crop units on the refuge and plant grains such as chufa, rye, winter wheat and snow peas for the cranes. We also create small shallow water areas (2 or 3 acres) at various locations for roosting and nesting purposes.
    4. Existing Monitoring Activities: Monitoring crane activity is an integral part of the overall recovery plan. Many of our cranes have leg bands for identification purposes and radio tags which provide information regarding the cranes behavior.
    5. Management Needs: Habitat restoration and land acquisition are major management needs. This refuge is within the city limits of Gautier, MS. It is bounded on all sides by cities that are experiencing accelerated growth rates. Many acres of potential savanna habitat have been developed. This trend will no doubt continue. We need to acquire as much of the available lands as possible and continue to maintain and restore the unique savannas with an aggressive fire management program. We also need to continue our research and monitoring efforts.
  6. Site Viability: As stated under management needs urban development is a major threat to the ecological integrity of the refuge.
    1. Threats to Ecological Integrity: The accelerated growth rate occurring along the gulf coast and on all sides of the refuge will restrict the expansion potential of the refuge and likewise limit refuge management goals and objectives. Growth and development not only reduce the potential to expand the refuge and restore critical habitat but it can also hamper control burning which is the major management tool utilized by this refuge.
    2. Management Potential: Land acquisition, restoration of wet savanna, monitoring and research are important components of an overall management program. However, the limiting factor is that most of the unique savanna habitat and/or areas suitable for savanna restoration have been or soon will be developed. This fact makes it important that every element of our management program be maximized to the highest degree possible.
  7. Sources of Information: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services website for Mississippi Sandhill Crane Refuge: http://mississippisandhillcrane.fws.gov/.

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Petit Bois Island Preserve

  1. Petit Bois IslandSite Information Point(s) of Contact: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources, Coastal Preserves Program
  2. Geographic Information
    1. Narrative Description of the Site: This large barrier island is 6 miles long and is made up of subtidal estuarine habitat near shore, barrier island pond/lagoon complex with only a small area of slash pine forest remaining near the center of the island, sea grass beds and mollusk reefs off shore. The primary boundary of this 1,673-acre island preserve is one mile North and South of the island and is bounded on the East and West by the Alabama state line the the Gulfport Mississippi shipping channel. Both Snowy and Wilson's Plovers can be found in spring and summer on the sand flats at the east end of the island. Snowy Plovers can be found there all year. On the entire island, the Snowy Plover is mostly a resident of the white sands of the Gulf beaches, whereas the Wilson’s Plover is primarily a summer resident of the darker, muddier beaches of the sound side of the island. Quite often, Reddish Egrets can be found at beach ponds near the east tip. Least Terns occasionally nest near the west end of Petit Bois, and Mississippi's largest colony of Laughing Gulls (2000 pairs) was on Petit Bois Island. Salt marshes and freshwater ponds provide habitats for a great diversity of aquatic birds. Least Bitterns, Mottled Ducks, Clapper Rails, and Common Moorhens are common breeders. This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of migratory bird species, such as the Brown Pelican and cormorants. The area is also a rookery site for the Least Tern, the Sandwich Tern, the Black Skimmer, the Louisiana Heron, and the Osprey. The island is part of the Gulf Island National Seashore, owned and managed by the National Park Service.
    2. Location: Jackson County, N30 12' W088 28'
    3. Area of Influence: Barrier island
  3. Ecological/Cultural Characteristics
    1. Habitat type: A large barrier island, 6 miles long with the following ecological communities are expected or known to occur on the island: marine subtidal 1) Gulf of Mexico shallow sandy bottom (near shore); marine intertidal 1) sand bottom (near shore) 2) barrier island pond/lagoon complex 3) tidal pass 4) barrier island seagrass beds 5) embayment seagrass bed 6) mollusk reef; estuarine intertidal 1) oligohaline or mesohaline marsh 2) barrier island high marsh. Only a small area of slash pine forest remains near the center of the island.
    2. Rare/Endangered Species:
      1. Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican
      2. Panion haliaetus Osprey
      3. Charadrius alexandrinus Snowy Plover
      4. Sterna nilotica Gull-Billed Tern
      5. S. maxima Royal Tern
      6. S. antillerum Least Tern
      7. Tyrannus dominicensis Gray Kingbird
      8. Myotis lucifugus Little Brown Bat
      9. Alligator mississippiensis American Alligator
      10. Paronychia erecta Beach Sand-Squares
      11. Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle
    3. Breeding/Nursery Area:
      1. Least Tern Rookery
      2. Sandwich Tern-Black Skimmer Rookery
      3. Osprey Rookery
      4. Atlantic Loggerhead Turtle Nesting
    4. Migratory Species: This unique location provides excellent feeding, resting, and wintering habitat for numerous types of neotropical migrants and wintering waterfowl species, such as the Brown Pelican and cormorants.
  4. Management Status
    1. Land Ownership: The island is part of the Gulf Island National Seashore, owned and managed by the National Park Service.
    2. Existing Designations: Designated as a Wilderness Area (Gulf Islands Wilderness Area) and a Mississippi Coastal Preserve
    3. Management Status: This preserve is managed by the Gulf Island National Seashore.
    4. Existing Monitoring Activities: The monitoring of this preserve is done by the Gulf Island National Seashore.
  5. Sources of Information: Boyd, J. L., et. al., 1995. An inventory of pond fauna of the Gulf Islands National Seashore with parasitological and trophic observations. Unpublished Report to the National Park Service.
  6. Comments and/or Additional Information on the Ship Island Preserve:
    Superintendent
    Gulf Islands National Seashore
    3500 Park Road
    Ocean Springs MS 39564

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